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/*
   Copyright (C) 2009 Her Majesty the Queen in Right of Canada (Communications
   Research Center Canada)

   Copyright (C) 2014, 2015
   Matthias P. Braendli, matthias.braendli@mpb.li

    http://www.opendigitalradio.org

   A TCP Socket server that serves state information and statistics for
   monitoring purposes, and also serves the internal configuration
   property tree.

   This statistics server is very easy to integrate with munin
        http://munin-monitoring.org/
   but is not specific to it.

   The TCP Server responds in JSON, and accepts the commands:
    - config
    - values
      Inspired by the munin equivalent

    - state
      Returns the state of each input

    - getptree
      Returns the internal boost property_tree that contains the 
      multiplexer configuration DB.

   */
/*
   This file is part of ODR-DabMux.

   ODR-DabMux is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
   it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as
   published by the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the
   License, or (at your option) any later version.

   ODR-DabMux is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
   but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
   MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
   GNU General Public License for more details.

   You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
   along with ODR-DabMux.  If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
   */

#ifndef __MANAGEMENT_SERVER_H
#define __MANAGEMENT_SERVER_H

#ifdef HAVE_CONFIG_H
#   include "config.h"
#endif

#include <sys/socket.h>
#include <netinet/in.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <netdb.h>
#include <arpa/inet.h>
#include <pthread.h>
#include <string>
#include <map>
#include <boost/thread.hpp>
#include <boost/property_tree/ptree.hpp>
#include <boost/property_tree/json_parser.hpp>
#include <ctime>
#include <math.h>

#define MIN_FILL_BUFFER_UNDEF (-1)

/*** State handing ***/
/* An input can be in one of the following three states:
 */
enum input_state_t
{
    /* The input is waiting for data, all buffers are empty */
    NoData,

    /* The input is running, but has seen many underruns or overruns recently */
    Unstable,

    /* The input is running, but the audio level is too low, or has
     * been too low recently
     */
    Silence,

    /* The input is running stable */
    Streaming
};


/* The delay after which the glitch counter is reset
 */
#define INPUT_COUNTER_RESET_TIME 30 // minutes

/* How many glitches we tolerate in Streaming state before
 * we consider the input Unstable
 */
#define INPUT_UNSTABLE_THRESHOLD 3

/* For how long the input buffers must be empty before we move an input to the
 * NoData state.
 */
#define INPUT_NODATA_TIMEOUT 30 // seconds

/* For silence detection, we count the number of occurrences the audio level
 * falls below a threshold.
 *
 * The counter is decreased for each frame that has good audio level.
 *
 * The counter saturates, and this value defines for how long the
 * input will be considered silent after a cut.
 *
 * If the count reaches a certain value, the input changes state
 * to Silence.
 */
#define INPUT_AUDIO_LEVEL_THRESHOLD       -50  // dB
#define INPUT_AUDIO_LEVEL_SILENCE_COUNT    100 // superframes (120ms)
#define INPUT_AUDIO_LEVEL_COUNT_SATURATION 500 // superframes (120ms)

/* An example of how the state changes work.
 * The timeout is set to expire in 30 minutes
 * at each under-/overrun.
 *
 * The glitch counter is increased by one for each glitch (can be a
 * saturating counter), and set to zero when the counter timeout expires.
 *
 * The state is then simply depending on the glitch counter value.
 *
 * Graphical example:

 state     STREAMING      | UNSTABLE | STREAMING
 xruns         U     U    U
 glitch
  counter  0   1     2    3          0
 reset
  timeout  \   |\    |\   |\
            \  | \   | \  | \
             \ |  \  |  \ |  \
              \|   \ |   \|   \
               `    \|    `    \
                     `          \
                                 \
                                  \
                                   \
                                    \
  timeout expires ___________________\
                           <--30min-->
 */

/* InputStat takes care of
 * - saving the statistics for graphing
 * - calculating the state of the input for monitoring
 */
class InputStat
{
    public:
        InputStat(std::string name) : m_name(name)
        {
            /* Statistics */
            num_underruns = 0;
            num_overruns = 0;

            /* State handling */
            time_t now = time(NULL);
            m_time_last_event = now;
            m_time_last_buffer_nonempty = 0;
            m_buffer_empty = true;
            m_glitch_counter = 0;
            m_silence_counter = 0;

            reset();
        }

        void registerAtServer(void);

        ~InputStat();

        // Gets called each time the statistics are transmitted,
        // and resets the counters to zero
        void reset(void)
        {
            min_fill_buffer = MIN_FILL_BUFFER_UNDEF;
            max_fill_buffer = 0;

            peak_left = 0;
            peak_right = 0;
        }

        std::string& get_name(void) { return m_name; }

        /* This function is called for every frame read by
         * the multiplexer
         */
        void notifyBuffer(long bufsize)
        {
            boost::mutex::scoped_lock lock(m_mutex);

            // Statistics
            if (bufsize > max_fill_buffer) {
                max_fill_buffer = bufsize;
            }

            if (bufsize < min_fill_buffer ||
                    min_fill_buffer == MIN_FILL_BUFFER_UNDEF) {
                min_fill_buffer = bufsize;
            }

            // State
            m_buffer_empty = (bufsize == 0);
            if (!m_buffer_empty) {
                m_time_last_buffer_nonempty = time(NULL);
            }
        }

        void notifyPeakLevels(int peak_left, int peak_right)
        {
            boost::mutex::scoped_lock lock(m_mutex);

            // Statistics
            if (peak_left > this->peak_left) {
                this->peak_left = peak_left;
            }

            if (peak_right > this->peak_right) {
                this->peak_right = peak_right;
            }

            // State

            // using the smallest of the two channels
            // allows us to detect if only one channel
            // is silent.
            int minpeak = peak_left < peak_right ? peak_left : peak_right;

            const int16_t int16_max = std::numeric_limits<int16_t>::max();
            int peak_dB = minpeak ?
                round(20*log10((double)minpeak / int16_max)) :
                -90;

            if (peak_dB < INPUT_AUDIO_LEVEL_THRESHOLD) {
                if (m_silence_counter < INPUT_AUDIO_LEVEL_COUNT_SATURATION) {
                    m_silence_counter++;
                }
            }
            else {
                if (m_silence_counter > 0) {
                    m_silence_counter--;
                }
            }
        }

        void notifyUnderrun(void)
        {
            boost::mutex::scoped_lock lock(m_mutex);

            // Statistics
            num_underruns++;

            // State
            m_time_last_event = time(NULL);
            if (m_glitch_counter < INPUT_UNSTABLE_THRESHOLD) {
                m_glitch_counter++;
            }
        }

        void notifyOverrun(void)
        {
            boost::mutex::scoped_lock lock(m_mutex);

            // Statistics
            num_overruns++;

            // State
            m_time_last_event = time(NULL);
            if (m_glitch_counter < INPUT_UNSTABLE_THRESHOLD) {
                m_glitch_counter++;
            }
        }

        std::string encodeValuesJSON(void);

        std::string encodeStateJSON(void);

        input_state_t determineState(void);

    private:
        std::string m_name;

        /************ STATISTICS ***********/
        // minimum and maximum buffer fill since last reset
        long min_fill_buffer;
        long max_fill_buffer;

        // counter of number of overruns and underruns since startup
        uint32_t num_underruns;
        uint32_t num_overruns;

        // peak audio levels (linear 16-bit PCM) for the two channels
        int peak_left;
        int peak_right;

        /************* STATE ***************/
        /* Variables used for determining the input state */
        int m_glitch_counter; // saturating counter
        int m_silence_counter; // saturating counter
        time_t m_time_last_event;
        time_t m_time_last_buffer_nonempty;
        bool m_buffer_empty;

        // The mutex that has to be held during all notify and readout
        mutable boost::mutex m_mutex;

};

class ManagementServer
{
    public:
        ManagementServer() :
            m_listenport(0),
            m_running(false),
            m_fault(false),
            m_pending(false)
            { }

        ManagementServer(int listen_port) :
            m_listenport(listen_port),
            m_running(false),
            m_fault(false),
            m_thread(&ManagementServer::serverThread, this),
            m_pending(false)
            {
                m_sock = 0;
            }

        ~ManagementServer()
        {
            m_running = false;
            m_fault = false;
            m_pending = false;
            if (m_sock) {
                close(m_sock);
            }
            m_thread.join();
        }

        /* Un-/Register a statistics data source */
        void registerInput(InputStat* is);
        void unregisterInput(std::string id);

        /* Ask if there is a configuration request pending */
        bool request_pending() { return m_pending; }

        /* Load a ptree given by the management server.
         *
         * Returns true if the ptree was updated
         */
        bool retrieve_new_ptree(boost::property_tree::ptree& pt);

        /* Update the copy of the configuration property tree and notify the
         * update to the internal server thread.
         */
        void update_ptree(const boost::property_tree::ptree& pt);

        bool fault_detected() { return m_fault; }
        void restart(void);

    private:
        void restart_thread(long);

        /******* TCP Socket Server ******/
        // no copying (because of the thread)
        ManagementServer(const ManagementServer& other);

        void serverThread(void);

        bool isInputRegistered(std::string& id);

        int m_listenport;

        // serverThread runs in a separate thread
        bool m_running;
        bool m_fault;
        boost::thread m_thread;
        boost::thread m_restarter_thread;

        int m_sock;

        /******* Statistics Data ********/
        std::map<std::string, InputStat*> m_inputStats;

        /* Return a description of the configuration that will
         * allow to define what graphs to be created
         *
         * returns: a JSON encoded configuration
         */
        std::string getStatConfigJSON();

        /* Return the values for the statistics as defined in the configuration
         *
         * returns: JSON encoded statistics
         */
        std::string getValuesJSON();

        /* Return the state of each input
         *
         * returns: JSON encoded state
         */
        std::string getStateJSON();

        // mutex for accessing the map
        mutable boost::mutex m_statsmutex;

        /******** Configuration Data *******/
        bool m_pending;
        bool m_retrieve_pending;
        boost::condition_variable m_condition;
        mutable boost::mutex m_configmutex;

        boost::property_tree::ptree m_pt;
};

extern ManagementServer* mgmt_server;

#endif